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[Blog] The Early Americas: Philadelphia

Philadelphia is a city in the United States and has been for quite some time. The first mention of the city was in the game Assassin’s Creed III and the player could visit parts of the city on multiple occasions. The huge cities we know today were still small back in the 18th century and resembled more the likes of a town instead of a city. The city of Philadelphia Pennsylvania, will be the focus for today.

Up to the year 1800, it was the official residence of the American government, until it was replaced by the larger and newer Capitol Building in Washington, D.C. It was also home to the famous Liberty Bell.

The period

Following the events of the Boston Tea Party, the colonists of Philadelphia refused to unload the import tea as a protest against the taxes from England. The Continental Congress was held in Carpenters’ Hall in 1774 and during the second congress in 1776 the Declaration of Independence was signed in the Independence Hall.

During the battle of Princeton and Trenton the Continental Congress fled the city for fear of British takeover, however after the battles were won they returned to Philadelphia. In September 1777 the British attacked Philadelphia from the south. General George Washington fought them hard during the battle of Brandywine, but had to retreat. The 23rd of September British troops marched into the city and were welcomed by loyalists. The Continental Congress had to flee the city once again following the capture of Philadelphia. After the capture of Philadelphia, the British laid siege to Fot Mifflin, which took them a month and a half to capture. After taking tremendous losses, the British had to flee the city after a period of ten months.

During the battle for Princeton and Trenton the congress fled the city. After the Continental Army emerged victorious, they returned.

Philadelphia

Philadelphia is a city in the east coast state of Pennsylvania in the United States. While the metropolitan area Delaware Valley has over 7.2 million inhabitants, back in the 18th century the city was quite smaller. However the city has a rich history since it was founded back in 1681 by a Quaker called William Penn. Philadelphia was even the capital of the United States from 1790 and 1800 and the Declaration of Independence was signed in the city.

The historic buildings Independence Hall, Liberty Bell Center and the City hall of Philadelphia are reminders of the rich history of the country. In the 19th century Philadelphia was the center of industry and the first railroads. Philadelphia is also known as Philly, The city of Brotherly Love, Quaker City and the Big Scrapple.

In the early drafts of Assassin’s Creed III, Ubisoft considered having Philadelphia as a primary location, but they decided against it because the city’s layout would have made parkour over the roof near to impossible.

 

The Declaration of Independence

Philadelphia is most famous for its contribution in the Revolutionary War and most notably by the Continental Congress and the famous Independence Hall. The Revolutionary War had started in 1775 and during the Second Continental Congress in 1776 the Congress announced that the Thirteen American Colonies regarded themselves as sovereign states, no longer under the rule of Great Britain. The declaration for the independence was voted through congress at the 2nd of July. Two days later the formal declaration called “The Declaration of Independence” was officially signed on the 4th of July. This meant that the thirteen colonial states officially founded a new nation: The United States of America.

The Assassin Ratonhnhaké:ton was present during the signing of the Declaration at Independence Hall in Philadelphia, having come seeking Washington to warn him about the Templars.

Events of Assassin’s Creed III

In the year 1775, Connor Kenway and Samuel Adams went to Independence Hall and listened to the speech of George Washington after being appointed Commander of the Continental Army. After almost starting a brawl with Charles Lee, Adams stopped him right on time and introduced Connor to George Washington.
In the year 1776, Connor and Achilles Davenport traveled once again to Independence Hall. Here Connor had intended to explain the existence of the Assassins and Templars. However the George Washington had already left for New York City. In the Independence Hall Connor witnessed the signing of the Declaration of Independence by the Adams, Franklin and Hancock.

The next blog in this series will tell about the beautiful and southern city of New Orleans. This city was featured in Assassin’s Creed III Liberation and brought us a brand new experience as we could play with the first female protagonist.